8.- Perspectivas actuales para el fomento del aula transcultural en chile

Gloria Toledo Vega, Francisco Quilodrán, Miguel Olivares, Julio Silva-Coñocar

Resumen


Resumen:
El presente artículo es una revisión selectiva y crítica de literatura sobre el desarrollo de aulas transculturales en contexto escolar. En él, se presenta una visión situada sobre perspectivas y enfoques actuales para las aulas plurilingües en Chile y se ofrece una propuesta concreta, sencilla y clara para la implementación de clases de español como lengua extranjera (ELE) en la escuela pública local. Tras integrar la información sobre la realidad chilena, las perspectivas internacionales actuales, el papel de la escritura en el desarrollo de la competencia en ELE y el currículo educacional chileno, se concluye que es importante contextualizar en el plano local las propuestas académicas (generalmente anglosajonas) y que es imprescindible la enseñanza de ELE para los estudiantes no hispanohablantes, si se quiere potenciar realmente la transculturalidad en los establecimientos educacionales públicos.

Abstract:
This article is a selective and critical review of literature on the development of intercultural classrooms in a school context. It presents a situated point of view on current perspectives and approaches for multilingual classrooms in Chile, and offers a concrete, simple and clear proposal for the implementation of classes of Spanish as a foreign language (SFL) in the local public school. After integrating information on the Chilean reality, current international perspectives, the role of writing in the development of SFL competence, and the Chilean educational curriculum, it is concluded that it is important to contextualize academic trends (generally Anglo-Saxon) and that SFL teaching is essential for non-Spanish-speaking students if transculturality is to be really promoted in public educational establishments.

Palabras clave


ELE, estudiantes inmigrantes, pluricultural, escuela chilena. SFL, immigrant students, multicultural, Chilean school.

Texto completo:

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