Reconocimiento de palabras en español en una tarea de decisión léxica visual con pseudohomófonos

Micaela Difalcis, Samanta Leiva, Aldo Ferreres, Valeria Abusamra

Resumen


Resumen:
Los modelos de reconocimiento de palabras escritas aisladas presentan divergencias acerca de si la activación fonológica es automática en la lectura silente o si se trata de un procesamiento posterior al acceso léxico-semántico. El efecto de pseudohomofonía se ha analizado de manera recurrente en diferentes lenguas para estudiar el grado de mediación fonológica. Sin embargo, son pocos los estudios llevados a cabo en lengua española. El objetivo del presente trabajo ha sido investigar el efecto de pseudohomofonía en una tarea de decisión léxica visual (tanto en el análisis de los tiempos de reacción como de la tasa de error) en la que, por primera vez en lengua española variedad rioplatense, las variables léxicas y subléxicas de los estímulos han sido exhaustivamente controladas. Hallamos un efecto de pseudohomofonía en el análisis de la tasa de error pero no en el análisis de los tiempos de reacción. Esto último es evidencia a favor de una participación no automática de los procesos fonológicos en el reconocimiento de palabras aisladas.

Palabras clave: decisión léxica, pseudohomófonos, español, lectura

Abstract:
The models of word’s recognition present divergences about whether the phonological activation is automatic in the silent reading or if it is a post-lexical-semantic access processing. The effect of pseudohomophony has been analyzed repeatedly in different languages to study the degree of phonological mediation. However, there are few studies carried out in Spanish. The aim of the present work was to investigate the effect of pseudohomophony in a visual lexical decision task (both in the analysis of the reaction times and the error rate) in which, for the first time in Spanish (variety of Río de la Plata), the lexical and sub-lexical variables of the stimuli have been exhaustively controlled. We found an effect of pseudohomophony in the analysis of the error rate but not in the analysis of reaction times. The latter would contribute to a non-automatic participation of phonological processes in the recognition of words.

Keywords: lexical decision, pseudohomophones, Spanish, reading

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Referencias


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